Croatian Philosophy and Science in the European Context between the 12th and 20th Centuries
Dr Erna Banić-Pajnić
Research Team Members
- Prof Pavo Barišić, PhD
- Dr Bruno Ćurko
- Dr Mihaela Girardi-Karšulin
- Dr Željka Metesi Deronjić
- Prof Snježana Paušek-Baždar, PhD
- Academician Prof Nenad Trinajstić, PhD
- M. A. Vanja Flegar
- Reception of Plato’s philosophy in the works of Croatian philosophers between the 12th and 20th centuries
- The development and shifts in Aristotelism during the 16th and 17th centuries
- The philosophy of Juraj Dragišić
- Croatian aesthetics and poetics in the European context between the 16th and 18th centuries
- The relationship between natural philosophy and alchemy in Croatian authors Andrija Dudić, Pavle Skalić, and Frane Petrić
- The development and fading of alchemy in Croatia
- The history of Croatian chemistry during the development of natural sciences in the 19th and 20th centuries
- A review of the history of Croatian philosophy in the 19th and 20th centuries
History of the Croatian Philosophy in the 19th and 20th Centuries
Within the topic “A review of the history of Croatian philosophy in the 19th and 20th centuries”, the research team member Pavo Barišić investigates the main philosophical directions, authors, and works created by Croatian philosophers and scientists from the 19th and 20th century. The largest amount of attention is devoted to the influence of philosophical educational institutions and individual philosophical directions and authors on the growth and development of sciences and formation of specific scientific disciplines.
The starting point for the research is the hypothesis that Croatian philosophy and science clearly exhibit and confirm the presence of the fundamental directions of European philosophy and science during the period in question. The historical overview begins with the penetration and reception of notions from the Age of Enlightenment (the start of the 19th century) and ends with discussions on globalisation and current philosophical and fundamental scientific issues from the end of the 20th century. Starting with the beginning of the 19th century, the investigation encompasses the modernisation of methods for scientific thought, the formation of new attitudes and perspectives in the relationship between philosophy and science, and the birth of philosophy in the Croatian language. The research tackles the reception of Immanuel Kant’s philosophy and the attempt to merge critical thought with Scholasticism. Furthermore, it elaborates the development of philosophy of law and politics, followed by examining the formation of practical philosophy at universities and the philosophical foundations of Croatian law and the multi-faceted politics of right (as in the Croatian Party of Rights). Some of the most important research topics within this segment will be the appearance of Neo-Scholasticism at the turn of the 20th century and the academic philosophy grounded in Herbartian formalism.
Within the overview of the development of Croatian philosophy during the 20th century, the research first deals with academic philosophy and directions in Neo-Scholastic thought. Then, it studies the development of Neo-Marxism, philosophy of existence, personalism, practical philosophy, analytical philosophy, philosophy of science, and the philosophy of language. Accounts on more distinguished authors will be accompanied by their most important concepts and works. Finally, the research intends to compose a select bibliography of original and secondary literature relevant to this period.